English meaning: bottom
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “Boden”
    Note: single-linguistic in part to *bhudh-mo-, partly to *bhudh-no-, besides with already IE metathesis *bhundho- > *bhundo- ?
    Material: O.Ind. budhná-ḥ “ground, bottom”; Av. bū̆ nō ds. (*bhundhno-), out of it borrows Arm. bun ds., during Arm. an-dund-k” “abyss” from *bhundh- seems assimilated. From Proto-Iran. *bundhas derives tscherem. pundaš “bottom, ground “. Gk. πυθμήν (*φυθ-) m. “bottom, sole, base of a vessel”, πύνδαξ m. ds. (for φύνδαξ after πυθμήν Schwyzer Gk. I 71, 333). Maked. PN Πύδνα (*bhudhnü), dissimil. Κύδνα? Lat. fundus, -ī m. “ ground; the bottom or base of anything; a farm, estate” (*bhundhos), profundus “deep” = M.Ir. bond, bonn m. ‘sole, foundation, groundwork, basis, pad, prop “. maybe Alb. (*fundus), fund “bottom, end”, fundos ‘sink (to the bottom)” O.H.G. bodam, Ger. Boden, O.S. bodom, O.E. *boðm > M.Eng. bothem m. besides O.E. botm m. > Eng.bottom and O.E. bodan “bottom, ground”, Maybe Alb. (bod-) botë “ bottom, ground, earth, world” O.N. botn “bottom”, O.E. byðme “ bilge, floor, bottom “ besides bytme, bytne ds., O.Ice. bytna “ to come to the bottom “, with unclear dental change; it seems to lie a basic Proto- Gmc. *buÞma- , probably is to be explained analogically; compare Petersson Heterokl. 18, Sievers-Brunner 167, Kluge11 under siedeln. About Ger. Bũhne, originally “ wooden floor (made from floorboards) “, angebl. from Gmc. *bunī, IE *budhniü, s. Kluge11 under Bũhne.
    References: WP. II 190, WH. I 564 f., 867, Porzig WuS. 15, 112 ff. (against it Kretschmer Gl. 22, 116); compare also Vendryes MSL. 18, 305 ff.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gulf of Bothnia — The Gulf of Bothnia ( fi. Pohjanlahti; sv. Bottniska viken, i.e. Bottenviken + Bottenhavet) is the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea. It is situated between Finland s west coast and Sweden s east coast. In the south of the gulf lie the Åland… …   Wikipedia

  • Golfo de Botnia — (Pohjanlahti Bottniska viken) Océano o mar de la IHO (n.º id.: 1a) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vocabulario indoeuropeo (sustantivos) — Esta es una lista de las raíces protoindoeuropeas más comunes. En general sólo se ofrece la lengua más representativa de cada una de las ramas del indoeuropeo. Todas las palabras se muestran en su declinación más representativa. Contenido 1… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Список праиндоевропейских корней — Для улучшения этой статьи желательно?: Найти и оформить в виде сносок ссылки на авторитетные источники, подтверждающие написанное …   Википедия

  • πύνδαξ — ακος, ὁ, Α 1. πυθμένας αγγείου, ποτηριού ή άλλου δοχείου, πάτος 2. το κατώτατο κοίλο μέρος πλοίου 3. επικάλυμμα αμφορέα 4. λαβή ξίφους 5. φρ. «εἰσκρούω τὸν πύνδακα» (για οινοπώλη) χτυπώ προς τα μέσα τον πυθμένα μεταλλικού δοχείου για να ελαττώσω… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • bottom — [bät′əm] n. [ME botme < OE botm, bodan, ground, soil < IE * bhudh men < base * bhudh > L fundus, ground, Gr pythmen, bottom, Ger boden] 1. the lowest part 2. a) the lowest or last place or position [the bottom of the class] b)… …   English World dictionary

  • Grassmann's law — For Grassmann s law in color theory, see Grassmann s law (optics). Grassmann s law, named after its discoverer Hermann Grassmann, is a dissimilatory phonological process in Ancient Greek and Sanskrit which states that if an aspirated consonant is …   Wikipedia

  • Bartholomae's law — is an early Indo European sound law affecting the Indo Iranian family, though thanks to the falling together of plain voiced and voiced aspirated stops in Iranian, its impact on the phonological history of that subgroup is unclear.It states that… …   Wikipedia

  • Proto-Indo-European phonology — The phonology of the Proto Indo European language (PIE) has been reconstructed by linguists, based on the similarities and differences among current and extinct Indo European languages. Because PIE was not written, linguists must rely on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bouddha — Pour l article sur le premier Bouddha historique voir Siddhārtha Gautama Le titre de Bouddha (terme sanskrit बुद्धा buddha Masculin ou neutre, féminin: buddhā « éveillé », participe passé passif de la racine verbale budh , « s… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.