bhudh-m(e)n

    bhudh-m(e)n
    English meaning: bottom
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “Boden”
    Note: single-linguistic in part to *bhudh-mo-, partly to *bhudh-no-, besides with already IE metathesis *bhundho- > *bhundo- ?
    Material: O.Ind. budhná-ḥ “ground, bottom”; Av. bū̆ nō ds. (*bhundhno-), out of it borrows Arm. bun ds., during Arm. an-dund-k” “abyss” from *bhundh- seems assimilated. From Proto-Iran. *bundhas derives tscherem. pundaš “bottom, ground “. Gk. πυθμήν (*φυθ-) m. “bottom, sole, base of a vessel”, πύνδαξ m. ds. (for φύνδαξ after πυθμήν Schwyzer Gk. I 71, 333). Maked. PN Πύδνα (*bhudhnü), dissimil. Κύδνα? Lat. fundus, -ī m. “ ground; the bottom or base of anything; a farm, estate” (*bhundhos), profundus “deep” = M.Ir. bond, bonn m. ‘sole, foundation, groundwork, basis, pad, prop “. maybe Alb. (*fundus), fund “bottom, end”, fundos ‘sink (to the bottom)” O.H.G. bodam, Ger. Boden, O.S. bodom, O.E. *boðm > M.Eng. bothem m. besides O.E. botm m. > Eng.bottom and O.E. bodan “bottom, ground”, Maybe Alb. (bod-) botë “ bottom, ground, earth, world” O.N. botn “bottom”, O.E. byðme “ bilge, floor, bottom “ besides bytme, bytne ds., O.Ice. bytna “ to come to the bottom “, with unclear dental change; it seems to lie a basic Proto- Gmc. *buÞma- , probably is to be explained analogically; compare Petersson Heterokl. 18, Sievers-Brunner 167, Kluge11 under siedeln. About Ger. Bũhne, originally “ wooden floor (made from floorboards) “, angebl. from Gmc. *bunī, IE *budhniü, s. Kluge11 under Bũhne.
    References: WP. II 190, WH. I 564 f., 867, Porzig WuS. 15, 112 ff. (against it Kretschmer Gl. 22, 116); compare also Vendryes MSL. 18, 305 ff.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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